General George Borrow Timeline

The following is a general overview of what happened when in George Borrow’s life, together with what was going on elsewhere.  Also see our other timelines.

Year

George Borrow

Great Britain

Other

1803

Born at East Dereham

Suppression of rebellion in Ireland

Wellesley defeats Indians in Maratha War

1804

Regiment was at Coxheath Camp, Kent, and Silver Hill Barracks, Sussex (1804-5)

First Corn Law

Trevithick’s first steam rail locomotive

1805

 

 

Nelson beats France and Spain at Battle of Cape Trafalgar

1806

Battle, Blatchington, Hastings, Pett Camp, Winchelsea, Rye, Hythe, Sandgate, and Dover

 

Portugal occupied by France

1807

Regiment in and about Canterbury

Prohibition of shipment of slaves in British ships or to British colonies

 

1808

Regiment in Chelmsford and Colchester (1808-9)

 

Spanish uprising against French; Wellesley lands in Lisbon

1809

Back at East Derehem

Cobbett imprisoned for criticising flogging in the army

 

1810

Norman Cross (1810-11)

 

 

1811

Back at East Dereham

George III insane; Luddites smash spinning and weaving machinery

 

1812

Slow march North

War of 1812

Napoleon’s Russian campaign

1813

Edinburgh Castle

 

English East India company loses monopoly

1814

Return to Norwich, Regiment mustered out

 

Wellington invades France, Napoleon exiled to Elba

1815

West Norfolk Militia re-embodied, then Ireland

 

Napoleon defeated at Waterloo, exilec to St. Helena

1816

Templemore, Ireland then Norwich and regiment mustered out, settle at Willow Lane, George goes to Norwich Grammar School (1816-

 

British museum acquires Elgin Marbles

1817

 

Habeas Corpus suspended

 

1818

Runs away, caught, flogged in front of school (on back of James Martineau)

 

 

1819

Captain Borrow retires, George articled to Messrs. Simpson and Rackhamn

Peterloo massacre

 

1820

William Taylor

George IV becomes king

Scott’s Ivanhoe, first cheap New Testament published in Spanish in Spain

1821

John Borrow leaves for London

Famine in Ireland

Mexico and Peru gain independence; Napoleon dies on St. Helena

1822

Captain Borrow makes last will, asks George Borrow what he intends to do with his life

 

First Iron Steamship sails

1823

Murder of William Ware by John Thurtell

Daniel O’Connell forms Catholic Association

 

1824

Death of Captain Borrow, end of articles, George goes to London, Sir Richard Phillips etc.

 

 

1825

Celebrated trials published, Faustus published, “Lavengro mumping”

 

Stockton Darlington railway

1826

Romantic Ballads published

 

 

1827

Marshland Shales at Tombland fair

 

joint Anglo-French fleet defeats Turks at Navarino

1828

 

 

Duke of Wellington becomes Prime Minister

1829

Sometimes in London, developing schemes with John Bowring

Catholic Emancipation; Police founded

Stephenson’s Rocket

1830

Battle of John Borrow’s back-pay (1830-32)

Lord Grey PM, William IV King

France takes Algeria

1831

 

Cholera epidemic

Darwin begins Beagle voyage

1832

Presents Mary Clarke translation of Bluebeard, walked to London for Bible Society interview

Reform act

 

1833

Taken on by Bible Society, sent to Russia

 

Abolition of slavery throughout Empire

1834

In St. Petersburgh printing Manchu scriptures

Workhouses established

 

1835

Targum published, return to England, then to Portugal

 

Railway Boom

1836

Spain (1836-40)

 

 

1837

 

Queen Victoria starts reign June 20th

Electric Telegraph invented. Euston becomes London’s first railway station

1838

 

 

 

1839

 

Anti-Corn law, Chartists

First Opium war in China (1839-42)

1840

Return to England, marries Mary Clarke, settles at Oulton

Victoria marries Albert, first postage stamps

First bicycle

1841

Zincali published

Peel PM

Livingstone arrives in Africa

1842

Bible in Spain published (December)

Income tax reintroduced

Kabul garrison annihilated in Khyber pass, Brooke made Rajah of Sarawak

1843

Bible in Spain runaway success, George Borrow famous

 

Brunel’s SS. Great Britain

1844

Tour of the East (Paris, Vienna, Hungry, Constantinople, etc.)

Factory acts

 

1845

Fails to write acceptable review to Ford’s Hand-book

Irish potato famine (1845-48)

Richard Ford’s Hand-book for Travellers in Spain published

1846

Henrietta starts to stay at Bury St. Edmunds (the Harvey’s)

Corn Laws repealed

 

1847

Dr. Hake, the Magistracy of Oulton, affair of Dr. Bowring

 

Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre and Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights

1848

Only photograph of George Borrow taken in Lucy Brightwell’s garden, Borrow ill

Major Chartist rally in Kennington Park, London

John Bowring appointed to Canton consulship

1849

Ann Borrow leaves Willow lane to live at Oulton

Navigation Acts repealed

California Gold Rush

1850

 

Irish Franchise Act

 

1851

Lavengro published, Borrows at Yarmouth

Great Exhibition at the Crystal Palace

 

1852

Writing Romany Rye

Aberdeen PM

 

1853

Rescues boat crew at Yarmouth, Cornish Tour

 

 

1854

First Welsh Tour (i.e. Wild Wales)

 

Crimean War (1854-56)

1855

Manx Tour

Palmerston PM

 

1856

Lodging at Camperdown Pace, Yarmouth

 

 

1857

Romany Rye published, Second Welsh Tour

 

Indian Mutiny (1857-58)

1858

Ann Borrow dies, tour of Scotland

 

East India Company dissolved

1859

Tour of Ireland

Darwin’s Origin of Species

 

1860

Move to 22 Hereford Square, Brompton, London (1860-1874)

 

 

1861

Welsh and Their Literature published

Death of Prince Albert

American Civil War (1861-65)

1862

Wild Wales published, starts to publish translations in “Once a Week”

 

 

1863

 

 

Emancipation of US slaves

1864

 

 

 

1865

Henrietta marries William MacOubrey, moves to Ireland

Russell PM

Lincoln assassinated

1866

Visit to Ireland to see Henrietta, tour of Scotland and Ireland

Derby PM

Nobel invents dynamite; Mendel published his research into Genetics

1867

George and Mary at Bognor

Second Reform Act

 

1868

Trouble with Oulton estate, Mary has to attend in person

Gladstone PM, TUC formed

Traffic signal in London

1869

Mary Borrow dies

 

Suez Canal opened

1870

Charles Leyland writes to Borrow

Elementary education act

 

1871

Working on second edition of Gypsy Luke for Bible Society, meets Charles Leyland

Trade Unions become legal

Pullman introduces the Sleeper car

1872

Second edition of Gypsy Luke published

Secret ballot introduced

Earl Mayo, Viceroy of India is murdered

1873

Working on Lavo-Lil

 

Charles Leyland’s English Gypsies published

1874

Lavo-Lil published, Borrow withdraws to Oulton “to die”

Disraeli forms government

 

1875

Lucy Brightwell dies

Britain buys Suez canal shares

Bell patents telephone

1876

 

Victoria becomes Empress of India

Battle of Little Bighorn

1877

 

 

 

1878

Henrietta and William MacOubrey move back to Oulton

The Christian Mission changes its name to The Salvation Army

Congress of Berlin settles Balkan crisis

1879

George “unable to walk as far as the white gate”

 

Zulu war

1880

George Borrow makes last Will and Testament

Gladstone’s Midlothian campaign

First boer war (1880-81)

1881

George Borrow dies

Irish land and coercion acts